About Algeria

Located in the heart of North Africa, Algeria covers an area of 2.381.741 km2 and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the North, Morocco, Sahrawi Arab Republic and Mauritania on the West, Mali and Niger on the South, Libya and Tunisia on the East.

Crossroad of three worlds, Arab, African and Mediterranean, center of arts and civilization, Algeria has been all along its history a welcoming country of meeting and exchanges.

The largest country in Africa and the tenth largest in the world, Algeria is a spectacular
land of dramatic geographic and climatic contrasts where the beauty of the Mediterranean landscape is contiguous to the majestic spaces of the Sahara.

A south Mediterranean country with common borders with seven countries, Algeria occupies undeniably a privileged geographic position in front of European and African Markets.
Its population currently stands at 42 million inhabitants. Agriculture and industrial activities are concentrated in the northern part of the country while the Sahara in the southern part is rich
in natural resources and hydrocarbons.

Algeria is a major world producer of natural gas and has been classified in the recent years as the first oil discoverer. Its non-hydrocarbon exports include phosphate, iron, zinc, mercury, salt, marble, industrial equipment and agricultural products.

A vast program of economic reforms has been launched in order to liberalize the economy and promote foreign investments. Its geographic location, huge economic potentials and rich natural resources are some of the valuable advantages, which make Algeria an emerging market and an attractive and truly rewarding investment site.


Composition of the current Government of Algeria :

  • Aïmene Benabderrahmane: Prime Minister and Minister of Finance
  • Ramtane Lamamra: Minister of Foreign Affairs and National Community Abroad
  • Kamal Beldjoud: Minister of the Interior, Local Government and Regional Planning
  • Abderrachid Tebbi: Minister of Justice, Keeper of the Seals
  • Mohamed Arkab: Minister of Energy and Mines
  • Ben Attou Ziane: Minister of Energy Transition and Renewable Energies
  • Laïd Rebigua: Minister of Mujahideen and Rights Holders
  • Youcef Belmehdi: Minister of Religious Affairs and Wakfs
  • Abdelhakim Belabed: Minister of National Education
  • Abdelbaki Benziane: Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research
  • Yacine Merabi: Minister of Vocational Education and Training
  • Wafa Chaâlal: Minister of Culture and Arts
  • Abderezak Sebgag: Minister of Youth and Sports
  • Hocine Charhabil: Minister of Digitization and Statistics
  • Karim Bibi Triki: Minister of Post and Telecommunications
  • Kaouthar Krikou: Minister of National Solidarity, Family and Status of Women
  • Ahmed Zeghdar: Minister of Industry
  • Abdlehamid Hamdani: Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
  • Mohamed Tarek Belaribi: Minister of Housing, Urban Planning and The City
  • Kamel Rezig: Minister of Trade and Export Promotion
  • Ammar Belhimer: Minister of Communication
  • Kamel Nasri: Minister of Public Works
  • Aïssa Bekkaï: Minister of Transport
  • Karim Hasni: Minister of Water Resources and Water Security
  • Yacine Hammadi: Minister of Tourism and Handicrafts
  • Abderrahmane Benbouzid: Minister of Health
  • Abderrahmane Lahfaya: Minister of Labour, Employment and Social Security
  • Basma Azouar: Minister of Relations with Parliament
  • Samia Moualfi: Minister of the Environment
  • Hicham Sofiane Salawatchi: Minister of Fisheries and Fisheries Production
  • Abderrahmane Lotfi Djamel Benbahmed: Minister of Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Nassim Dhiafat: Minister delegate to the Prime Minister in charge of MicroEnterco-Enterprise
  • Yacine El-Mahdi Walid: Minister delegate to the Prime Minister in charge of the knowledge economy and startups
  • Yahia Boukhari: Secretary-General of the Government.

For your information:

Independence Day            : July 5, 1962

National Holiday       : November 1st (Anniversary of the 1954 Revolution)
Algerian Constitution was first adopted by a referendum   in 1963, revised by referendum on November 28, 1996, modified in 2008  and replaced by 2016 Constitution.

Capital City                 : Algiers (3 million inhabitants)

National Languages   : Arabic & Tamazight

Working foreign Languages: French & English

Climate                       : Mediterranean in the North/ warmer and drier in the South

Religion                      : Islam is the religion of the State

Currency                    : 01 Algerian Dinar (AD) = one hundred centimes

Exchange rate           : 1 US $ = 80 DA

Local Time                 : G.M.T. + 1

Telephone code         : +213/ city code

The most important cities:
Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Ouargla, Annaba, Tlemcen,  Setif, Tamanrasset, Bejaia, Bechar, Tizi-Ouzou, Batna, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Mostaganem, Tiaret and Mascara.

Algiers, Oran, Arzew, Annaba, Skikda, Bejaia, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Beni-Saf, Tenes, Dellys.

Sea transport: 90 million tons

Airports :
International Airports :
Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Bejaia, Batna, Biskra, Setif,  Tlemcen, Tamanrasset, Hassi-Messaoud.

– National Airports :
Tebessa, Biskra, Bechar, In Amenas, Djanet, El-oued, Ouargla, Ghardaia,

Road network : 100,000 kilometers
Rail network : 5,500 kilometers

Industries: :
Oil refining, Gas Liquefaction, Petro chemistry, Processing industry, Industrial equipments, Electric-Electronic industries, Metallurgy, Iron and Steel, Food, Electricity, Cement, Textile, Mechanical Industry (production of trucks, buses etc…)

Natural Resources :
Petroleum, gas, iron, lead, zinc, phosphates, uranium, gold, diamond, copper, coal, manganese, mercury etc…

Agriculture :
Market gardening, citrus fruits(oranges, mandarins, Clementine, lemons), grapes, olives, dates, pears, apricots, peaches etc…

Forests : 400,000 hectares

Major growth industries with good investment potential :
Hydrocarbon, Petrochemical industries, Electronics, Textile, Tourism industries, Mining industries.

Type of Government Presidential
Area 2.381.741 km²
Capital Algiers
Population 42 million inhabitants
Urban population (%) 55
Demographic growth (%) 2,14
Language Arabic & Tamazight
Religion Islam
GDP Growth (%) 2.3
GDP Per Capita 4,034 US$
Inflation (%) 6.7
Public Debt (%)GDP 34.9
Natural Resources Oil, gas, iron, phosphate, zinc,
Mercury, gold, uranium, salt, marble…
Currency Algerian Dinar (DA)