Located in North Africa, Algeria covers an area of 2.381.741 km2 and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the North, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania on the West, Mali and Niger on the South, Libya and Tunisia on the East.
Crossroad of three worlds, Arab, African and Mediterranean, center of arts and civilization, Algeria has been all along its history a welcoming country of meeting and exchanges.
Second largest country in Africa and the tenth largest in the world, Algeria is a spectacular land of dramatic geographic and climatic contrasts where the beauty of the Mediterranean landscape is contiguous to the majestic spaces of the Sahara.
A south Mediterranean country with a common borders with seven countries, Algeria occupies undeniably a privileged geographic position in front of European and African Markets. Its population currently stands at 31 millions inhabitants. Agriculture and industrial activities are concentrated in the northern part of the country while the Sahara in the southern part is rich in natural resources and hydrocarbons. Algeria is a major world producer of natural gas and has been classified in the recent years as the first oil discoverer. Its non-hydrocarbon exports include phosphate, iron ore, zinc, mercury, salt, marble, agricultural and industrial equipment, and agricultural products. A vast program of economic reform has been launched in order to liberalize the economy and promote foreign investments. Its geographic location, huge economic potentials and rich natural resources are some of the valuable advantages, which make Algeria an emerging market and an attractive and truly rewarding investment site.
For your information:
The President : Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika
The Head of Government : Mr. Ahmed Ouyahia
The Council of Ministers is chaired by the President of the Republic.
The Council of Government is chaired by the Head of Government
The Parliament : bicameral
The Council of the Nation / President : Mr. M. Abdelkader Bensalah
The National People’s Assembly / President : Mr. M. Karim Younes
Independence : July 5, 1962
National Holiday : November 1st (Anniversary of the 1954 Revolution)
Constitution revised by referendum on November 28, 1996
Capital city : Algiers (3 million inhabitants)
National language: Arabic
working languages : French / English
Climate: Mediterranean in the North/ warmer and drier in the South
Religion : Islam is the religion of the State
Currency : Algerian Dinar (AD) = one hundred centimes
Exchange rate : 1 US $ = 80 DA
Local Time : G.M.T. + 1
Telephone code : 213 + city code
The most important cities :
Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Setif, Bejaia, Tlemcen, Tizi-Ouzou, Batna, Ouargla, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Mostaganem, Tiaret, Mascara, Tamanrasset.
Algiers, Oran, Arzew, Annaba, Skikda, Bejaia, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Beni-Saf, Tenes, Dellys.
Sea transport: 90 million tons
– International Airports :
Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Bejaia Tlemcen, Tamanrasset, Hassi-Messaoud.
– National Airports :
Tebessa, Biskra, Bechar, In Amenas, Djanet, El-oued, Ouargla, Ghardaia,
Road network : 100,000 kilometers
Rail network : 5,500 kilometers
Oil refining, Gas Liquefaction, Petrochemistry, Processing industry, Industrial equipments, Electric-Electronic industries, Metallurgy, Iron and Steel, Food, Electricity, Cement, Textile, Mechanical Industry (production of trucks, buses etc…)
Natural Resources :
Petroleum, gas, iron, lead, zinc, phosphates, uranium, gold, diamond, copper, coal, manganese, mercury etc…
Market gardening, citrus fruits(oranges, mandarins, clementines, lemons), grapes, olives, dates, pears, apricots, peaches etc…
Forests : 400,000 hectares
Major growth industries with good investment potential :
Hydrocarbon, Petrochemical industries, Electronics, Textile, Tourism industries, Mining industries.
|Type of Government||Presidential|
|Population||31 million inhabitants|
|Urban population (%)||55|
|Demographic growth (%)||2,14|
|GDP Growth (%)||6|
|GDP/inhabitant||1.500,- US dollars|
|External Debt||20 billions US dollars|
|Foreign Exchange Reserves||30 billions US dollars|
|Natural Resources||Oil, gas, iron, phosphate, zinc,
Mercury, gold, uranium, salt, marble…
|Currency||Algerian Dinar (DA)|